Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences (PJBS) is an international, peer-reviewed and well indexed scientific journal seeks to promote and disseminate the knowledge of biological sciences by publishing outstanding research in the field. Scope of the journal includes: Cell biology, developmental biology, structural biology, microbiology, entomology, toxicology, molecular biology & genetics, biochemistry, biotechnology, biodiversity, ecology, marine biology, plant biology and bioinformatics.

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Regional Editors

Mohamed Abdul Rahman Elwakil

Emeritus Professor, Department of Plant Pathology, Mansoura University, Egypt

Cheorl Ho Kim

Professor, Sungkyunkwan University, South Korea

Associate Editors

Mehmet Ozaslan

Professor, Gaziantep University, Turkey

Bamidele Adewale Salau

Professor, Department of Chemical Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Redeemer's University, Ede, Nigeria

Haytham Mahmoud Mohamad Daradka

Associate Professor, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jarash Private University, Jordan

Ertugrul Filiz

Assistant Professor, Duzce University, Turkey

Amit Pal

Assistant Professor, Bundelkhand University, India

Suleyman Korkut

Professor, Duzce University, Turkey

Abbas Farahani

Assistant Professor, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Tarek Abdel-Mawgoud Abdel-Mottaleb Moussa

Professor, Cairo University, Egypt

Imam Abdel-Ghany Ahmed Mekkawy

Professor, Taif University, Saudi Arabia

Rajeev Pratap Singh

Assistant Professor, Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development, Banaras Hindu University, India

Prof. Dr. Md. Moklesur Rahman Sarker

Professor and Head of Academic & Research, Department of Pharmacy, State University of Bangladesh Chief Scientist, Health Med Science Research Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Tanveer Beg

Assistant Professor, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia

khalid khalid

Researcher, Research of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants Department, Pharmaceutical Industries Division, National Research Centre (NRC), El-Buhouth St., 12622, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt

Technical Editors

Abdul Salam Ansari

Associate Professor, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, India

Hamida Hamdi Mohammed Ismail

Professor, Cairo University, Egypt

Qurban Ali Panhwar

Senior Lecturer, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Irina Neta Gostin

Associate Professor, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania

Sheikh Adil Hamid

Assistant Professor, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, India

Shanmugavadivelu Chandra Mohan

Director/ Research Scientist, Shanmuga Centre for Medicinal Plants Research, India

Mohamed Ahmed Mohamed El-Metwally

Professor, Plant Pathology Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt

Essam Abdel Salam Shaalan

Professor, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Aswan University, Egypt

Sivashanthini Kuganathan

Professor, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Science, University of Jaffna, Jaffna, Sri Lanka

Mustafa Koyun

Professor, Department of Biology and Genetics, Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University, Turkey

Derya Guroy

Researcher, Yalova University, Turkey

Ugur Cakilcioglu

Associate Professor, Munzur University, Turkey

Khaled Hussein Arafat

Associate Professor , New Valley University, Egypt

Atef Mohamed Khedr Nassar

Professor, Damanhour University, Egypt

Halla Mohamed Mohamed Ragab

Associate Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Ahmed Abduljabbar Jaloob Aljanaby

Professor, University of Kufa, Iraq

Fatima-Zahra Azzaoui

Associate Professor , epartment of Biology, Ibn Tofail University, Morocco

Chinedu Imo

Lecturer, Federal University Wukari, Nigeria

Ilknur Ak

Professor, Department of Aquaculture, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi, Çanakkale, Turkey

Kathirvelu Baskar

Research Scientist, Entomology Research Institute, Loyola College, Chennai -600 034, India

Wuyi Liu

Professor, Fuyang Normal University, China

Anu Prasanna Vankara

Assistant Professor, Yogi Vemana University, India

Muhammet Turkoglu

Professor, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey

Azidah Abdul Aziz

Senior Lecturer, University of Malaya, Malaysia

Khalid Mohammed Naji

Guest Scientist, Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Germany

Mostafa Sayed Abd El-Latif Khattab

Associate Professor, National Research Center, Egypt

Keshav Kant Sahu

Professor, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, India

Amany Mohamed Abd El-Fatah Haroon

Professor of Hydrobilogy (Botany), National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries (NIOF), Egypt

Mostafa Ibrahim-Ahmed Waly

Professor, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman

Vijayakumar Rajendran

Research Associate, Indian Institute of Science, India

I. Gusti Nyoman Gde Bidura

Professor, Udayana University, Indonesia

Pranav Kumar Prabhakar

Professor, Division of Research and Development, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India

P. Sivakumar

Assistant Professor, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India

Saravanan Durai

Scientist, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, India

Md. Rakibul Hassan

Senior Scientist, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Bangladesh

Ojochenemi Ejeh Yakubu

Reader, Federal University Wukari, Nigeria

Gnanavel Venkatesan

Research Scientist, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, India

Mustapha Gorai

Assistant Professor, University of Gabes, Tunisia

Ranjan Singh

Assistant Professor, Choithram College of Professional Studies, Indore,India.

Mohammed Hussen Bule

Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia

Md. Mer Mosharraf Hossain

Associate Professor, Department of Fisheries and Marine Bioscience, Jashore University of Science and Technology (JUST), Bangladesh

Hossameldeen Hussein Azzaz

Associate Professor, Dairy Department, Division of Food Industry & Nutrition, National Research Centre, Egypt

Zulkarami Berahim

Senior Research Officer, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Mahmoud Hussien Abou Deif

Professor, Department of Genetics and Cytology, National Research Centre, Egypt

Vikas Vasant Patil

Professor, KVPS Institute of Pharmaceutical Education, India