Background and Objective: This plant is known in many parts of the world and is used as medicine in some countries. In Vietnam, people know how to use Passiflora foetida L., as an herb. There are many research works in the world, most of them focus on medicinal properties. The objective of this study was to determine the genetic diversity of samples of Passiflora foetida L., yellow fruit based on agronomic traits and the gene region of “rbcL”. Materials and Methods: Seed samples were arranged in a completely randomized design with three replications. The trial was a sample of Passiflora foetida L., species. The distance between sample plant is 3×2 m, so the total number of trees is 1,330 trees ha1. The genetic relationship between them was determined through the construction of a phylogenetic tree in the “rbcL” gene region sequence. Data analysis and processing methods done by using X software. Results: The PCR results that amplify the “rbcL” gene region around 670 bp, the PCR products were then sequenced. The sequence results were compared with the sequences on the NCBI gene bank, showing that the sequences of the nine varieties/species all coincided with the Passiflora foetida Sims species sequences with a high similarity coefficient from 98.77 to 99.9%. Genetically shows that all nine species samples belong to Passiflora foetida which can be classified into three genetic samples of An Giang (LA1), Ca Mau (LA2) and Can Tho (LA3) which are genetically close to each other, have the same index. Conclusion: The heritability in the broad sense is high in the two traits of stem height and leaf length, so it can be considered that these two traits are controlled by genes. The cultivation of algae seeds to improve the productivity of these medicinal plant varieties is important in providing raw materials for the oriental medicine industry.
Van Do, Van Thieu and Van Mai, 2023. Research on Passiflora foetida L. as a Pharmaceutical Treatment for Neurasthenia in Humans. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 26: 504-509.