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Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition
eISSN: 2077-2033
pISSN: 1992-1470

Editor-in-Chief:  Mahomoodally Mohamad Fawzi
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Research Article
Malnutrition and Associated Factors among Children below Five Years of Age Residing in Slum Area of Jaipur City, Rajasthan, India
Pragati Chaudhary and Mukta Agrawal
Background and Objective: Children are the foundation of any nation. Children residing in slum areas belong to lower socio-economic strata and live in crowded unhygienic environment. They are vulnerable to malnutrition and associated morbidity and mortality. To assess the prevalence of malnutrition among children aged 6-59 months and its associated socio-demographic factors. Materials and Methods: It was a community based cross-sectional study conducted in year 2016 to 2017 in a slum area of Jaipur city, Rajasthan. A total of 2007 children aged 6-59 months were selected using multistage sampling and were screened using anthropometric measurements such as height, weight and mid upper arm circumference (MUAC). Socio-demographic information was collected using self structured questionnaire. Results: Prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting was 35.7, 43 and 10.5%, respectively. Malnutrition was found to be associated with socio-demographic factors such as age, caste, family type, birth weight, birth order, educational profile of parents and economic status of family. Utilization of Integrated child development services (ICDS) was found poor. Conclusion: Nutritional status of children under five years of age in the slum area of Jaipur city is not satisfactory. Prevalence of stunting was found high (43%) as compare to national as well state figure revealed by National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4). More than half of the children (56%) were born with low birth weight. Services of ICDS is not being utilized properly by target population. Delivery of Anganwadi services needs to be improved.
Research Article
An Analysis of Factors Affecting Fish Consumption in a Healthy and Balanced Nutrition
Nildem Kizilaslan
Background and Objective: Seafood is rich in vitamins has a high biological value and contains a low level of fat. It is an effective source of food for people to have a balanced and healthy nutrition. In this study, the factors affecting fish consumption decisions of people were determined in terms of a healthy and balanced nutrition. Materials and Methods: Interviews were conducted with 380 individuals by using the proportional sampling method at the 95% confidence interval and 5% margin of error. A factor analysis was carried out to determine the behavior and attitudes of individuals affecting their fish consumption in terms of healthy nutrition. Results: In the study, the amount of fish consumption per person was calculated to be 14.32 kg/year. It was found that 68.42% of the fish consumed by the individuals (9.78 kg/person) were sea fish and 31.58% (4.54 kg/person) were freshwater fish. Through the factor analysis, 17 factors that were effective on fish consumption were reduced to 6 main factors that explained 76.369% of the variance. During the factor analysis, the following main factors emerged to be the significant factors in determining consumption decisions for a healthy and balanced nutrition: Healthy Nutrition and Motivation for Life, Nutritional Elements, Cardiovascular Support, Omega-3 Awareness, Consumption Preference and Economic Nutrient. Conclusion: It has been reiterated that fish consumption is essential for healthy and balanced nutrition and that it is important that fish is an economical product as well as being rich in nutrients. Attention should be drawn by experts to the issues that need to be considered when consuming fish as nutrition and studies should be carried out to raise awareness.

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