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Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition
eISSN: 2077-2033
pISSN: 1992-1470

Editor-in-Chief:  Mahomoodally Mohamad Fawzi
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Research Article
Published on April 13, 2019
Malnutrition and Associated Factors among Children below Five Years of Age Residing in Slum Area of Jaipur City, Rajasthan, India
Pragati Chaudhary and Mukta Agrawal
Background and Objective: Children are the foundation of any nation. Children residing in slum areas belong to lower socio-economic strata and live in crowded unhygienic environment. They are vulnerable to malnutrition and associated morbidity and mortality. To assess the prevalence of malnutrition among children aged 6-59 months and its associated socio-demographic factors. Materials and Methods: It was a community based cross-sectional study conducted in year 2016 to 2017 in a slum area of Jaipur city, Rajasthan. A total of 2007 children aged 6-59 months were selected using multistage sampling and were screened using anthropometric measurements such as height, weight and mid upper arm circumference (MUAC). Socio-demographic information was collected using self structured questionnaire. Results: Prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting was 35.7, 43 and 10.5%, respectively. Malnutrition was found to be associated with socio-demographic factors such as age, caste, family type, birth weight, birth order, educational profile of parents and economic status of family. Utilization of Integrated child development services (ICDS) was found poor. Conclusion: Nutritional status of children under five years of age in the slum area of Jaipur city is not satisfactory. Prevalence of stunting was found high (43%) as compare to national as well state figure revealed by National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4). More than half of the children (56%) were born with low birth weight. Services of ICDS is not being utilized properly by target population. Delivery of Anganwadi services needs to be improved.
Research Article
Published on April 13, 2019
An Analysis of Factors Affecting Fish Consumption in a Healthy and Balanced Nutrition
Nildem Kizilaslan
Background and Objective: Seafood is rich in vitamins has a high biological value and contains a low level of fat. It is an effective source of food for people to have a balanced and healthy nutrition. In this study, the factors affecting fish consumption decisions of people were determined in terms of a healthy and balanced nutrition. Materials and Methods: Interviews were conducted with 380 individuals by using the proportional sampling method at the 95% confidence interval and 5% margin of error. A factor analysis was carried out to determine the behavior and attitudes of individuals affecting their fish consumption in terms of healthy nutrition. Results: In the study, the amount of fish consumption per person was calculated to be 14.32 kg/year. It was found that 68.42% of the fish consumed by the individuals (9.78 kg/person) were sea fish and 31.58% (4.54 kg/person) were freshwater fish. Through the factor analysis, 17 factors that were effective on fish consumption were reduced to 6 main factors that explained 76.369% of the variance. During the factor analysis, the following main factors emerged to be the significant factors in determining consumption decisions for a healthy and balanced nutrition: Healthy Nutrition and Motivation for Life, Nutritional Elements, Cardiovascular Support, Omega-3 Awareness, Consumption Preference and Economic Nutrient. Conclusion: It has been reiterated that fish consumption is essential for healthy and balanced nutrition and that it is important that fish is an economical product as well as being rich in nutrients. Attention should be drawn by experts to the issues that need to be considered when consuming fish as nutrition and studies should be carried out to raise awareness.
Research Article
Published on June 03, 2019
Association Between Simple Carbohydrate Content in Breakfast Meal and Fat Mass among Adult Saudi Females
Norah Suliman Alomar, Asma Muslih Alharbi, Alanoud Abdullah Alaqeel and Nada Benajiba
Background and Objective: The amount and quality of macronutrients intake at breakfast do have a great effect on body weight. So, this study was aimed to investigate the association between simple carbohydrate intake during breakfast with increased fat mass among young Saudi females at Princess Nourah University (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia). Materials and Methods: Body composition was analyzed in 84 participants. Quantitative and qualitative assessment of simple carbohydrate intake during breakfast were conducted using 24 h dietary recall over 3 days and a food frequency questionnaire, respectively. Statistical tests were applied to assess difference between normal fat mass and high fat mass groups, while Pearson test evaluated the association between different parameters. Results: A very high percentage of participants had high fat mass (60.7%). However, no significant difference in calorie intake was reported between normal fat mass group (1422.04 Kcal/day) and high fat mass group (1384.40 Kcal/day). Similarly, no difference in breakfast consumption between the 2 groups were observed. However, high fat mass group consumption of carbohydrates was significantly less during breakfast compared to the low fat mass group (p = 0.05). Conclusion: This study concluded that the consumption of simple carbohydrates during breakfast was not associated with increased calories intake or body fat mass percentage among young Saudi females.
Research Article
Published on June 03, 2019
Dietary Intake and Strength Training Management among Weight Sports Athlete Category: Role of Protein Intake Level to Body Composition and Muscle Formation
Mirza Hapsari Sakti Titis Penggalih and Kurnia Maratus Solichah
Background and Objective: Protein has an effect on the muscle formation, but in Indonesia the fulfillment of protein and dietary intake in athletes are below the daily needs allowances. The purpose of this study is to provide recommendation intake of nutrient especially protein for weight sports athlete. Materials and Methods: There were 90 athletes as subjects participated in this experimental study. Every subjects has different calculation of nutrients needs, based on age, gender, level of activity and exercise. Recommendation for protein intake was given 1.7 g kg1 of b.wt./day adjusted with strength training is considered as high protein intakes. Fats intake was 20% from total energy and carbohydrate were calculated from total energy after adjusted with energy for protein and fats. Results: The results of protein intake after intervention were found that 90 subjects are divided into 3 categories; low protein intake (Group A; <1 g kg1 of b.wt./day), normal protein intake (Group B; 1-1.6 g kg1 of b.wt./day) and high protein intake (Group C; >1.7 g kg1 of b.wt./day). Conclusion: This study shows the correlation between high protein intake group with significant improve on subscapula and suprailiaca skinfolds. It means the body composition and muscle formations on those areas were improved followed by continuing nutritional education, especially on protein intake with the recommendation 1.7 g kg1 of b.wt./day for weight sport athletes in Indonesia.
Research Article
Published on July 23, 2019
Effect of Casein Gluten Free Snack, Nutrition Education and Level of Pb and Zn Metal on Clinical Manifestation of Autism
Ginta Siahaan, Dini Lestrina, Novriani Tarigan and Rohani Retnauli Simanjuntak
Background and Objective: People with autism in Medan are quite high due to the high Casein and Gluten intake, low Zn metal and high Pb metal. The aim of this study was giving Casein Gluten Free (CGF) Snacks snacks and nutritional education to reduce the symptoms of clinical manifestations of people with autism. Materials and Methods: The study was Quasi experimental with the design of post test only control group design with 4 autistic schools location in Medan. The sample was divided into 3 groups namely controls group, CGF Snack (group 1) and CGF Snack and Nutrition Education (group 2). Analysis was carried out with Pearson correlation tests and one way ANOVA. Results: Metal Pb was significantly associated with the occurrence of clinical manifestations (p<0.05) and had a very strong closeness (r = 0.825) and Zn metal was not significantly associated (p = 0.141). The group 2 made the most significant contribution (p<0.05) to the decrease of clinical manifestation. Conclusion: The results of the study showed that snack CGF and nutritional education were the most influential Pb metal had an effect, while Zn did not affect the clinical manifestations.

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