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Asian Journal of Epidemiology
eISSN: 2077-205X
pISSN: 1992-1462

Editor-in-Chief:  Raafat Mohamed Shaapan Sayed
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Research Article
Age-period-cohort Analysis of Non-communicable Diseases in India
Dinesh Chaurasiya
Background and Objective: There are stacks sweeping the knowledge on changing pattern of diseases around the world with distinctive approaches. One such technique is age-period-cohort (APC) analysis on cross-sectional sample survey data. The current study assessed effect of three time related factor age, period and cohort on the non-communicable diseases (NCD) in India. Methodology: Three rounds of National Sample Survey (NSS) India (52nd, 60th and 71st round) data had been analyzed using a hierarchical age period cohort (HAPC) approach. Results: Four thousand among one lakh Indian adults likely to have a NCD in 2014 as compared to just 900 in 1995. There was five fold increase in predicted probability of getting a disease among 1981-1990 cohorts as those of 1901-1910 born. Independent of age and cohort effects, the predicted probability of getting NCDs increased substantially over the period 1995-2014. Conclusion: Study affirmed that period and birth cohort membership may significantly influence the chance of getting NCDs in India. This peculiar accession may challenge existing source of knowledge in the field.
Research Article
Autistic Children Food Habits and the Risk of Running Malnutrition in Morocco
Afaf Hafid and Ahmed Omar Touhamiahami
Background and Objective: In Morocco, the efforts done to track autism therapy response are limited, so many autistic children’s parents look for guidance from random resources. This study, therefore, helps to prepare a special guide for them. Its main objectives are evaluating the nutritional status of a sample of Moroccan autistic children with respect to that of healthy children and defining the autism spectrum disorders’ impact on the eating habits and health status. Materials and Methods: The study involves a group of 325 autistic children and a control group of 325 healthy children. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted using a mixed questionnaire. The anthropometric measures used (weight, height and age) meet the WHO standards. he blood was collected from the patients for some biological tests. Chi-square analyses were used to evaluate the statistical significance of differences between proportions of categorical data. Results: All statistics of autistic children are significantly higher than those of the control group(p<0.05) both in types of malnutrition and in the essential elements deficits (38 against 24%, respectively). This discrepancy is explained by some autistic children nutritional habits such as food selectivity and food refusal. Concerning parents, their level of education (low, medium, high) was found to be inversely related to the malnutrition of their children (50, 37 and 13%, respectively). Conclusion: This study tried to demonstrate that autistic children run a higher risk of malnutrition owing to their eating habits and that there is a reversal relationship between the parents’ education level and the malnutrition of their autistic children. This implies the increasing of the education’s level of the parents to decrease the severity of autism.

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