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Journal of Applied Sciences
eISSN: 1812-5662
pISSN: 1812-5654

Editor-in-Chief:  Gazi Mahabubul Alam
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Research Article
Dried Banana (Musaparadisiaca.) For Feeding Pigs: Nutrient Compositions, Growth Performance and Small Intestinal Morphology
Tanachot Pengsawad, Chaiyapoom Bunchasak, Choawit Rakangthong and Theerawit Poeikhampha

Background and Objective: Banana can be used as a dietary energy due to carbohydrate and high contents of sugars. In addition, the fructo-oligosaccharide in banana may be useful as a prebiotic. Thus, this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of banana (Musaparadisiaca.) in diet, on growth performance and intestinal morphology of nursery pigs. Materials and Methods: The whole sliced dried and ground bananas were used in this study and the study was divided into 2 experiments. Experiment 1, study the energy and nutrient composition of whole dried banana. Experiment 2, study the effect of dried banana at 0, 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5% in diet on growth performance and intestinal morphology of nursery pigs. Sixty male crossbreed pigs (body weight 8.00±0.27 kg) were randomly divided into four groups with five replications of three pigs each. The pigs fed a control diet without dried banana or experimental diets using dried banana at 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5% for 6 weeks. The experimental design was completely randomized design. All data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance. The differences between the means of groups were separated by Duncan’s New Multiple Range Test. Trend analysis from the orthogonal polynomial to test the relationship. Using the Orthogonal Polynomial Coefficient of 4 groups and two levels of linear and quadratic correlation were tested. Results: The results showed that the average daily gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio did not influence by dried banana (p>0.05). In addition, white blood cells count Neutrophils:Lymphocytes and intestinal pH were not influenced by the dietary treatments. Moreover, the dietary treatments did not influence villous height and crypt depth in the small intestine of pigs (p>0.05). Conclusion: It can be concluded that dried banana can be substitution in feed and be useful as a feedstuff. The incorporation of dried banana up to 7.5% in feed contributed without negative effect on growth performance and small intestinal morphology of nursery pigs.

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