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International Journal of Botany
eISSN: 1811-9719
pISSN: 1811-9700

Editor-in-Chief:  Abdelfattah Badr Mohamed Badr
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Research Article
Dust Pollution Affect Morphophysiological traits of Plant Mangifera indica Linn.
Sandeep Shukla, R.B. Sharma and Mukesh Sahu
Background and Objective: Many air pollutants seriously affect morphological traits of the plant. Dust is the major and important part of air pollutants, generated by coal mines, thermal power plants, cement industries, cursor industries, road transport etc. When this dust comes with contact with the plants it cause many negative effects on morphology and physiology of the plant. Materials and Methods: In this study, dust deposition on the leaves decrease the productivity e.g., chloroplast content, stomatal blockage etc. Korba is the industrial city of the Chhattisgarh state. Many coal based power plant and coal mines are situated here which produced plenty of dust. In this study three parameter have been taken e.g., dust load, leaf area and pH of leaf wash and tried to understand effect of dust on Mangifera indica, the Mango plant. Results: In this study four different sites have been selected where thermal power plants and coal mining produce plenty of dust and ash particles. Leaves collected from the Korba, which is mining area are suffering badly from dust stress. Conclusion: During the study we observed that leaves of the Mangifera indica have been damaged morphologically and physiologically due to the dust. Dust load and high pH cause physical injury, necrosis, stomata blockage, reduce photosynthesis etc. Dust pollution decreases the economical and nutritional value of the Mango.
Research Article
Buckwheat Treatment Ameliorates Transforming Growth Factor Beta-1, its Receptor Gene Expression and Biochemical Parameters in Experimental Steatohepatitis
Sahar Y. Al-Okbi, Doha A. Mohamed, Thanaa E. Hamed, Ahmed M.M. Gabr, Hoda B. Mabrok, Shaimaa E. Mohammed and Oksana Sytar
Background and Objective: Non-alcoholic fatty liver is recognized as the hepatic component of metabolic syndrome that accused for induction of cardiovascular and chronic liver diseases. This research evaluated the protective effect of two varieties of buckwheat seeds; Rubra and Karadag and their calli prepared by biotechnology towards non-alcoholic fatty liver in rat. Materials and Methods: Total phenolics, flavonoids, flavonols and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of buckwheat seeds and calli were assessed. Metabolic syndrome together with non-alcoholic fatty liver (MF) was induced by maintaining rats on high fructose diet. Daily oral dose of buckwheat seeds and calli (40 mg/rat) were given to 4 different groups during MF induction and compared to MF control rats and control group fed on balanced diet (NC). The experiment continued for 5 weeks. Results: In vitro free radical scavenging activities, total phenolic and flavonols of the calli were shown to be higher than the seeds. In vivo study showed significant dyslipidemia, significant increase in malondialdehyde, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, transaminase activity and liver fats in MF control group compared to NC. The relative gene expression of transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-β1) and TGF-β1 receptors I in liver as fibrogenic markers was significantly up-regulated in MF control group compared to NC. Treatment with different buckwheat forms produced improvement of the various determined plasma parameters and liver fats with variable degrees. Also, mRNA expression of TGF-β1 and TGF-β1 receptors I genes were significantly down-regulated in rats' liver on treatment with buckwheat seeds and calli. Conclusion: Buckwheat seeds and calli showed improvement of fatty liver and fibrogenic biomarkers.

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